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TBI Rehabilitation: Important Treatment Goals for Patients

There are some moments in life that can mark our destiny and future. Sometimes we are so sure about our own safety and comfort that we believe we are invincible. Something that we’ve learned as a help center for TBI victims is that destiny can be cruel, and our future, even when we think is in our hands, can change. That fantastic vision of ourselves in a perfect future dissolves in a horrible situation that can change our life.

For any reader who is present here, it is important to say that this is not a pessimistic blog but the contrary. We are creating this to motivate TBI victims and families to hold hope, especially after being in an accident. That is, even if this devastating injury has changed everything that you have worked or waiting for, you haven’t lost your opportunity to be a better vision of what you dreamed.

Understanding A TBI And How It Affects The Body

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury caused by a traumatic event, such as a car accident, a slip, or a blow to the head. The severity of this injury can range into three different divisions:

  • Mild TBI Injury: The patient lost consciousness for 15 min or less, and can suffer a minor concussion.
  • Moderate TBI Injury: The victim lost consciousness for 15 mins to 2 hours and the concussion suffered can be severe.
  • Severe TBI Injury: The patient lost consciousness for 6 hours or longer. This kind of TBI can lead the patient into a coma or a vegetative state and can stay like this for months even years, or in catastrophic events, wrongful death.
tbi rehabilitation

To understand a TBI injury, it’s important to understand the different parts of the brain and how they function. The brain is made up of several areas, each responsible for different functions such as movement, sensation, memory, and emotion. When a TBI occurs, the symptoms can affect the human body in various ways, and symptoms can be physical, cognitive, and emotional changes.

The consequences of a TBI injury can be wide-ranging and include both immediate and long-term effects. Some of the possible complications and problems as a result of a traumatic brain injury include:

Aneurysm

A severe head injury can cause bulging or weakening in the wall of a blood vessel in the brain. This can lead to a rupture and bleeding in the brain which can be life-threatening. This kind of problem can cause stroke, brain damage, and even death.

Anoxia

Lack of oxygen to the brain can lead to brain damage and can be fatal if not treated immediately. In some cases, this problem can result in a brain tumor.

Cerebral Atrophy

This is a severe brain injury that causes the brain to shrink or atrophy, which can lead to problems with memory, language, and other cognitive abilities.

Edema

A traumatic brain injury can cause swelling in the brain, which can increase pressure on the brain and lead to additional brain damage.

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain can cause fever, confusion, and other causes.

Hematoma

Bleeding in the brain can occur if a blood vessel is damaged and blood collects in the area. It can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.

Aphasia

Severe head injury can cause difficulty with language, speaking, understanding speech, reading, and writing, This problem is known as aphasia.

Paralysis

Damage to the part of the brain that controls movement can lead to paralysis on one or both sides of the body.

Vision and hearing problems

If the part of the brain that controls these abilities is hurt, this can lead to a vision problem, a hearing problem, or both.

Epilepsy

This severe head injury is characterized by seizures and can occur immediately after the injury or may develop later on.

Depression, anxiety, and other emotional issues

A TBI can cause emotional changes like anxiety, depression, irritability, and emotional instability, which can affect the quality of life and social interactions.

The effects of a TBI can vary greatly depending on the severity of the injury and the area of the brain affected. Some victims can experience few or no long-term effects, while others may develop significant disabilities. 

If you or someone you love has been affected by a TBI, it is important to seek help and start the appropriate medical treatment.

How Can A TBI Victim Recover?

Rehabilitation for TBI victims can be a long-term and slow process. Treatment goals may vary depending on the brain-injured individuals and the severity of the injury. 

Some important TBI rehabilitation goals are:

Regaining physical abilities

This can include physical therapy to help the victim gain strength, coordination, and balance. Occupational therapy may also be used to help the person regain the ability to perform daily living activities such as getting dressed, eating, and grooming. Aquatics therapy with the help of physical therapists can help brain-injured individuals to motivate themselves and regain strength. 

Improving cognitive abilities

Speech and speech therapy helps the person improve memory, attention, and problem-solving skills. This can be known as neurorehabilitation (cognitive recovery).

Managing symptoms

Medical treatment and medication may be prescribed to manage symptoms such as headaches, seizures, depression, and anxiety.

Improving emotional and psychological well-being

This may include counseling and therapy to help the person cope with the emotional and psychological effects of the injury. This can be more helpful with speech therapy.

Returning to daily activities

The goal is to help the TBI victim to return to work, school, or other activities that they enjoy and help them to have their daily life back as an independent person. Physical therapy is an important key to this. 

Improving social interactions

Help the injured person improve their social interactions with family and friends, and get involved in activities that they can enjoy.

It is important to note that brain injury rehabilitation takes time and some victims may recover fully while others may have permanent disabilities. This is not a negative statement, because at Brain Injury Help Center we believe every victim has his own process and can be transforming this fatal accident into a challenging experience that can help them to be a better and renewed version of themselves.

What Activities Are Good For A TBI Victim?

Besides the medical treatment that a TBI victim may need, there are some other beneficial activities to recovering — like knitting and crafts — that can help to improve fine motor skills and coordination and help to relax. Reading and writing can help with language abilities and cognitive skills, listening to music can help to improve mood and emotional well-being, brain training games and apps like GoCognitive can help with memory and reflexes, while gardening can help to accomplish relaxation. Cooking, exercise, yoga, or meditation can be a good option too.

These activities can help the rehabilitation for TBI victims but it is important to keep in mind that some may not be suitable for all TBI patients. Therefore, it is important to consult with brain injury treatment experts to identify activities that are appropriate for the individual patient and create a brain injury rehabilitation program. 

Get The Help You Need

Having a trustworthy circle of support can be crucial for TBI victims in the recovery process. Family members, friends, caregivers or care providers, social workers, rehabilitation nurses, medical professionals, and healthcare professionals can help the victims to feel motivated and improve in their rehab program.

At the Brain Injury Help Center, we are a care team who believes every TBI victim in California can have a new opportunity to get their life back and improve their health. We are dedicated to improving their lives by providing critical support and resources that can help our clients and their families with brain injury recovery and help them regain physical, emotional, and cognitive functioning. 

We are a compassionate and dedicated multidisciplinary team that offers specialized treatment plans, rehabilitation services, funding rehabilitation research initiatives, legal help for victims’ fair compensation, and access to community resources. We work tirelessly to ensure that those impacted by a TBI can lead healthy and fulfilling lives.

If you or a loved one are suffering from a traumatic brain injury after being in an accident that wasn’t your fault, get in touch with the Brain Injury Help Center. We are here to help you 24/7. Call us! Free consultation.

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